A TRADITION OF EXCELLENCE

Our Guide To Diamonds

A diamond's beauty lies in its intimate interaction with light.

Every diamond certified by the GIA undergoes a thorough, independent evaluation. Here you will learn how GIA diamond grades are established. Each of the four C's (Carat Weight, Cut, Color, Clarity) is accompanied by a diamond chart illustrating the differences between grades.

One of the first things most people learn about diamonds is that not all diamonds are created equal. In fact, every diamond is unique. Diamonds come in many sizes, shapes, colors, and with various internal characteristics.

All polished diamonds are valuable. That value is based on a combination of factors. Rarity is one of those factors. Diamonds with certain qualities are more rare—and more valuable—than diamonds that lack them.

Jewelry professionals use a systematic way to evaluate and discuss these factors. Otherwise, there would be no way to compare one diamond to another. And there would be no way to evaluate and discuss the qualities of an individual diamond. Diamond professionals use the grading system developed by GIA in the 1950s, which established the use of four important factors to describe and classify diamonds: Clarity, Color, Cut, and Carat Weight.

These are known as the 4Cs. When used together, they describe the quality of a finished diamond. The value of a finished diamond is based on this combination.

A diamond's value is often affected by the rarity of one or more of the 4Cs. Colorless diamonds are scarce—most diamonds have tints of yellow or brown. So a colorless diamond rates higher on the color grading scale than a diamond that is light yellow. Value and rarity are related: In this case a colorless diamond is more rare and more valuable than one with a slight yellow color. The same relationship between rarity and value exists for clarity, cut, and carat weight.

diamond education

Diamond Cut

A well cut diamond sparkles more, posing a magnificent display of three key attributes - Brightness, Fire and Scintillation.

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diamond education

Diamond Colour

Diamonds come in many colors. Diamonds that range from colorless to light yellow and brown fall within the normal color range.

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diamond education

Diamond Clarity

Diamonds have internal features, called inclusions, and surface irregularities, called blemishes. Together, they're called clarity characteristics. Clarity is the relative absence of inclusions and blemishes.

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diamond education

Diamond Carat

Many goods are sold by weight—by the kilogram, ounce, pound, or ton

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diamond education

Diamond Certification

A diamond's beauty lies in its intimate interaction with light.

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